Concrete Slab Repair Techniques

A foundation that sinks or cracks is a serious problem for a home. It can lead to structural damage and safety hazards for the people inside.Slab Repair

Fortunately, there are ways to fix it. Some methods are invasive, and breaking through the slab can be expensive. Other solutions offer only a temporary fix. Contact Sugar Land Foundation Repair Solutions for professional help.

Foam jacking is an easy, quick, and cost-effective slab repair method. It involves injecting polyurethane foam under the concrete slab to lift it up and level it. The process is less invasive than mud jacking and can be completed in a fraction of the time. It can also be used to level sunken or uneven driveways, sidewalks, patios, garage floors, basements, and more.

Sunken and uneven concrete slabs can develop due to a variety of reasons. One common cause is soil erosion. When the soil underneath a concrete slab compacts or washes away, it leaves voids that a heavy concrete slab will sink into. This is especially true if the slab is located in an area with constant water flow or runoff.

Over time, the voids in the ground can become bigger and more significant. This is why it is important to monitor the stability of any slab you have on your property. If you notice any signs of a sunken or uneven slab, contact a professional for a slab repair service as soon as possible.

When a slab sinks, it often becomes a trip hazard that can lead to injuries or expensive repairs. Many services promote grinding off the lip of a good slab to “fix” the problem, but this is not a long-term solution. The root of the issue has not been addressed, so the bad section will continue to sink and move, creating a new trip hazard. This cycle will continue until the good and bad sections are at equal heights, which is usually within a year.

Using foam lifting to fix sunken or uneven concrete slabs is an excellent option for commercial and industrial properties as well. Uneven flooring can create safety issues for employees and customers, and it can also affect the way machinery is operated. Foam lifting is a fast, affordable, and permanent solution for uneven flooring that will save you money in the long run and prevent future accidents.


The process of underpinning is the best way to strengthen a foundation that is showing signs of failure. It involves extending the existing foundation of the home or building and spreading the load over a larger area. It also involves enhancing the soil properties that support the structure. This solution is usually reserved for slab-on-ground type foundations that are experiencing issues due to a combination of factors, including soil movement, erosion, or water penetration into the basement.

This method is a long-term repair strategy that is generally considered safer than other alternatives like mudjacking and polyurethane injections. These are short-term solutions that might provide some immediate relief for a sinking foundation but will not solve the root issue. Underpinning is not risky, provided it’s carried out by an experienced professional and a structural engineer weighs in on the design and execution of the project.

In most cases, concrete underpinning will involve pouring new concrete underneath the existing foundation to make it stronger and more stable. This is typically a major project, as it requires the excavation of soil directly under the foundation. This must be done in stages to minimize the risk of undermining the entire foundation of the building or home.

During the underpinning process, a certified inspector will perform tests on the soil to determine the appropriate type and strength of concrete for the underpinning. This information will be used to design the underpinning system and ensure that it is installed correctly.

A variety of underpinning systems are available to reinforce a foundation, including push piers, helical piers, or resistance piers. Push piers are similar to stumps but are designed in such a way that they can be driven into the ground with machinery. Helical piers look like giant corkscrews that are twisted into the ground to reach stable soil. This system is often used in areas where it is impossible or impractical to use a piling rig.

Resistant piers work in the same manner as helical piers, but they are driven into the ground using hydraulic jacks. These piers are also used in areas where it is impossible or impractical for a technician to use a piling rig.


Piers are essential in construction projects, as they help to support foundations and reduce the risk of damage. They can also be used to repair unstable soil conditions, making them a great solution for many different types of structures. However, if they are not properly installed or maintained, they can become a safety hazard and cause further damage to the structure. In this article, we will discuss some of the most important things to know about piers.

One type of pier is the concrete pier, which consists of concrete cylinders that are pushed into the ground. These piers are a cost-effective option for certain types of soil. The piers are then reinforced with steel to ensure they can support heavy loads. This technique is particularly effective for areas with unstable or expansive soil.

Another popular type of pier is the helical pier, which looks like a large screw and is typically used in residential applications. These piers are easy to install and can be used in conjunction with existing foundations. However, they are not recommended for heavy loads, and they must be carefully positioned to prevent excessive bending of the foundation.

If you are in need of a slab repair, it is important to contact a company that has experience with this type of work. A professional can inspect your home and recommend the best repair method. In addition, they can ensure that the area surrounding your home is properly graded to keep water away from your foundation.

While concrete slabs are a durable material, they can be damaged by natural factors. This can include heavy rains, freeze-thaw cycles, and soil compaction. These factors can weaken the foundation and lead to cracking and sinking. If you notice any signs of damage, it is important to get the repair process started as soon as possible.

The key to a strong slab foundation is a good soil condition and proper installation. It is also important to maintain the foundation and keep it free of debris, which can lead to cracking or settling. To avoid this, you should clean your gutters regularly and direct water away from the foundation.


Stitching is a concrete slab repair technique that uses pieces of rebar to stop cracks from re-sizing. It is appropriate for fine surface cracks that are one-time occurrences and will not significantly change the shape of the slab or pavement. It is also a viable alternative to breaking through a slab and re-pouring. Breaking through a slab has significant disadvantages for homeowners; it forces water to be shut off, the noise from saws and jackhammers is deafening and the dust can be dangerously inhalable.

Cracks in a slab are often caused by settlement of the soil under the footers. This is usually the result of improper site preparation when the home was built or erosion. When the ground shifts and settles it exerts enormous pressure on the foundation. Concrete is not flexible; if it is forced to bend or curve it will crack and fail.

Slab jacking can often be used to fix a sinking slab. However, in the case of a sagging foundation, it may not be sufficient. For this reason, piers can be installed in the footers to increase the support of the slab and prevent further settling.

For a complete slab repair solution, rebar stitching might be appropriate. It combines the advantages of the pier method with the simplicity of the foam method. The rebar stitches are precision engineered to restore tensile strength across the crack, reestablish compression and stabilize the structure. These concrete staples are fabricated with a machined face and slot, welded to a high quality A-706 hook and hot dip galvanized. They are available in plate staples, slotted anchors and helical stitch designs.

Many homeowners attempt to solve trip hazards by grinding off the lip of a good slab where a bad area has settled. This only addresses the problem temporarily and can cause other issues. A much better option is to have a professional assess the situation and use a slab repair method that will ensure the stability of the entire foundation. It is a common misconception that insurance will cover the cost of fixing a foundation. However, most insurance companies only deal with sudden catastrophic damage and will not cover gradual deterioration of the foundation over time.


How Concrete Contractors Ensure Safety And Compliance With Building Codes

Concrete contractors play a crucial role when it comes to building concrete structures for home or commercial use. Their experience in the business helps them to understand the process in and out and finish the work on time.

They can also offer suggestions that elevate the project. Level Ground Excavation also stays openly communicative about timelines and overall costs.

concrete contractorSite Preparation

Site preparation is a critical phase that determines the success of any construction project. It involves several activities that are required before any building work begins, including clearing and leveling the land; grading the soil; laying pipes and conduits; and constructing foundations. These steps are necessary to ensure that the building will be constructed on a solid and stable base.

The type of site preparation that is required will vary depending on the nature of the construction project. For example, a small residential building will require less site preparation than a large commercial project. Additionally, the location of the site will also affect the site preparation requirements.

When the site preparation is completed correctly, it will make all other construction activities much easier. For instance, it will help contractors know where to dig and where not to dig, which will prevent any issues with underground pipes bursting during construction. It will also help them identify any obstacles that need to be removed or relocated before the construction process begins. This will save a lot of time, money, and effort in the long run.

During this phase, the contractor will need to survey the site and determine its topography and soil condition. They will also need to perform a soil test to find out what kind of foundation will be suitable for the site. They will also need to clear the land and prepare it for construction by removing any trees, rocks, or debris.

Once the land is prepared, it will be ready for concrete construction to begin. During this phase, the contractor will need a crane and other heavy equipment to move debris and dirt around the construction area. They will also need to install drainage systems, septic tanks, and piping.

During the site preparation stage, the contractor will need to mark out where the new building will be located on the site. They will also need to create access roads for construction vehicles and temporary storage areas. They will need to clear the area of any bushes, grass, and trees. They will also need to test the soil to find out its composition and classification. They will also need to locate any underground utilities and flag them before construction begins.

Concrete Mixing

The proportioning of the concrete mix is critical for achieving the desired workability and strength. To accomplish this, the contractor must use the proper ratio of cement to fine and coarse aggregates. The mix should also contain admixtures for workability and reinforcement durability. The contractor must also follow a proper batching process to ensure that the mix design is correctly batched and that it arrives at the job site by the approved submittals.

The mixer type is important, as well. Ideally, the mixing drum should be tilted to optimize the mixing time. It should not be so inclined that it is almost horizontal (inclination 0deg), since this will not allow the blades to impart adequate energy to the concrete during the knitting and mixing phase. It should remain at an inclination of 15 degrees for most of the mixing cycle. This enables the concrete to be pushed up into the mixer by the action of the blades and will enable it to drop into the drum during discharge, which is when the concrete is properly knitted and mixed.

If a mixer is not equipped with an inclination control, it should be provided with this feature. The inclination control should be calibrated to the specific mixer and will enable it to maintain an optimum inclination during the entire mixing cycle. This will increase mixing efficiency and the quality of the concrete produced.

For ready-mix concrete, the batching equipment must be properly calibrated and verified to comply with the approved mix designs. It must also be properly inspected to ensure that the ingredients are batched and dispensed by the mix designs.

It is also important to verify that the concrete is being tested for consistency and homogeneity. A good test for this is the coefficient of variation, which measures the standard deviation of the average, and a value of less than 0.75 indicates homogeneity. The contractor should always be prepared to provide the appropriate sample to the testing lab for analysis.

Make sure that the concrete contractors are submitting approved mix designs, and that any revisions in the original proportioning have been authorized by the engineer. Observe the addition of water to truck mixers to ensure that it is not withheld during mixing and that the water is incorporated into the concrete mixture as specified.


Concrete contractors need to balance quality, cost, and safety in the construction of formwork. Formwork molds concrete to the desired shape and supports it until it becomes self-supporting, but it also constitutes a significant portion of a construction budget. Effective formwork must accurately create the structure to architect-engineering specifications while minimizing defects like sagging, bulging, or unevenness of concrete surfaces. It must also be capable of withstanding the pressure of poured concrete and construction live loads such as materials, equipment, and workers.

Formwork can be made of a wide range of materials including timber, plywood, steel, and plastic. It can be assembled on-site from a kit of panels, ties, wedges, and clamps or prefabricated and shipped to the job site ready for assembly. Collaboration between the contractor and project engineer often determines formwork configuration. For example, the design team might specify that a concrete slab should be poured in one direction. If this is the case, the concrete contractor must ensure that formwork is erected to provide sufficient clearance for pouring in this direction.

The concrete is still in a liquid state when it is poured, so the construction site needs to provide support and a temporary casing until it gains strength. For this reason, it’s important to know how to measure the slump of a batch of concrete. The slump is a rough measurement of how much water is in the mix, and a contractor can use a simple device to gauge it by scooping a sample of concrete into a cone-shaped container.

A proper mix is essential for the durability of concrete. To prevent a slump, contractors should monitor the concrete temperature, ensure that the mixing drum is kept clean, and add water as necessary. In addition, contractors should make sure that formwork is positioned correctly and that it’s well supported on all sides.

Formwork failures are responsible for more than 25 percent of all construction accidents and collapses. They occur for a variety of reasons, including overfilling with concrete, inadequate bracing, insufficient shoring, or insufficient strength of the concrete before removal of formwork.


Concrete is a manmade composite material that consists of a structural binder (typically cement paste or asphalt) and a dispersed phase or “filler” of granulated aggregate. The size of the granules and their distribution within the matrix determines the strength, density, chemical resistance, and other properties. Concrete is a common building material that is poured in place for sidewalks, patios, driveways, and other structures.

During pouring, the contractor ensures the proper concrete mix is used, which includes proper water content. The contractor may also add admixtures for specific workability or durability properties. The mix is then transferred to the project site where it will become a permanent structure. Depending on the volume and distance involved, the concrete may be transported by truck, poured free under gravity or through a device such as a tremie pipe, or pumped through a pipe.

The site is prepped by clearing away any vegetation, rocks, and other debris that could interfere with the concrete placement. A gravel base of 4-6 inches is recommended for drainage. This can be tamped down by hand or with a plate compactor. The area is a tent with tarps to prevent rain from mixing with the concrete.

A concrete pour requires all hands on deck for safety and efficiency. To avoid a cold joint, the next layer of concrete must be poured before the previous one begins setting. To avoid this, the pouring pattern is planned ahead of time and sequenced correctly.

It is also critical to pay attention to the initial and final setting times. For a slab, the initial set typically lasts about 45-60 minutes. For large pours, the set time can be extended by using admixtures.

Once the concrete is poured, it must be kept moist during curing. This process hydrates the concrete, which results in increased strength and durability. Without proper curing, the concrete will weaken and deteriorate over time. It is recommended that concrete is cured for a minimum of four weeks to achieve maximum strength. Regular cleaning and sealing are also advised to minimize the risk of staining.