Choosing the Right Flooring for Your Home

A few features of a home combine form and function as well as flooring. It’s also a big purchase and one that requires some research.

To help you make the best decision, start a flooring savings plan. Put your tax refund, garage sale earnings, or even the spare change you find in your pockets toward the project.


Handyman Lexington KY offers both style and function to a home’s design. With proper installation and maintenance techniques, hardwood floors can last a lifetime.

Hardwood comes in a variety of widths and lengths, making it a versatile flooring option for any space. Narrow planks are often seen in traditional homes and are perfect for a classic look, while wider planks are common in modern open-concept living spaces. It’s important to consider the demands that the room will place on your hardwood flooring, and check its Janka hardness rating to ensure it’s a suitable material for your environment.

Solid wood floors come either unfinished and can be site-stained after installation or prefinished. Unfinished hardwoods allow you to try out multiple shades of stain until you find one that matches your vision. Your installer can explain how your wood will react to the climate in your area, as it swells in high humidity and shrinks in dry climates.

Your installer will also be able to recommend the right type of underlayment for your new floor. This is important, as it will affect your comfort underfoot. Wood can feel rigid and cold underfoot, especially if it’s not installed on joists over an insulating underlayment. It may also squeak when walked on if not properly installed and nailed into the joists.

If you’re adamant about hardwood, your professional can use special underlayments to soften the sound. They can also install a vapor barrier to help reduce moisture in the subfloor. This can reduce the risk of mold and mildew, and prevent moisture from damaging your new wood floors. In addition, a vapor barrier can help control allergies and asthma triggers by keeping dust mites and other respiratory pathogens out of your home.

Tile is a popular flooring option for homes and commercial spaces because it’s versatile, durable, and available in a wide array of colors, styles, and materials. Tiles are often used to create patterns and designs that can add visual interest and dimension to a space. They are also commonly used in bathrooms and kitchens, as well as foyers and mudrooms.

Tiles are highly resistant to stains and scratches, which makes them a great choice for high-traffic areas that need to stand up to heavy use. The hard surface of tiles can also help to reduce the buildup of dust, dander, and other allergens. Additionally, many tile products are manufactured with low or no volatile organic compounds (VOCs), making them a good choice for those looking to improve their indoor air quality.

One of the biggest benefits of tile flooring is that it can be installed in virtually any room of the home. It’s most commonly used in kitchens and bathrooms, but it can also be found in entryways, living rooms, and bedrooms.

Tiles are typically set into mortar consisting of sand, cement, and often a latex additive. Before any mortar is applied, the installer will mark out a reference line in the center of the room to ensure that the tiles are properly placed and aligned. They will then apply a thin layer of adhesive to the floor and lay out the tiles, working in small sections at a time. After the tiles are pressed into place, they will be grouted to fill in the space between them. A waterproof sealant can be added to tiles to further protect them against moisture and staining.

Carpet is a wall-to-wall floor covering that adds style, comfort and warmth to rooms. It’s made from specific materials like synthetic fiber and offers unique benefits such as stain resistance and durability.

Carpet comes in a variety of colors and styles to complement any interior design. It can be patterned, printed, tufted or looped to achieve the desired look and texture. Carpet is also easy to clean and maintain. A regular vacuuming with a high-quality vacuum can keep dirt, pet hair and other debris from accumulating in the fibers, and professional deep cleaning twice per year can remove stubborn stains.

Unlike hard floors, carpet absorbs sound and helps reduce noise in the home. In addition, it has good traction and provides an extra layer of safety in case of falls. Carpets can also help minimize allergy symptoms and may even lower blood pressure in people with heart disease.

The fibers used to make a carpet are generally divided into two categories: natural and synthetic. The arrangement of these fibers on the surface of a carpet, called its pile, determines its basic performance and appearance. Saxony, twisted and patterned, sisal, loop, woven and velvet are the major types of carpet available in rug and carpet showrooms today.

Synthetic carpets are often manufactured using olefin, nylon or polypropylene fibers that are heat-treated to form a pliable material. This makes them durable and resistant to staining, but they’re not as soft as natural fibers. Wool carpets, on the other hand, are a luxury option that’s still a popular choice for residential use. It’s natural and coiled, which gives it built-in resilience that synthetic carpets lose over time, and it has inherent flame retardant properties.

A beautiful home isn’t just about envy-inducing paint colors, luxe bedspreads and gorgeous furniture. Your floors are just as important when it comes to transforming your living space.

Vinyl is a cost-effective, water-resistant floor covering that’s long-lasting and easy to clean. It’s one of the most popular forms of resilient flooring (a category that also includes linoleum and cork) due to its affordability, versatility and ability to stand up to moisture and heavy foot traffic.

Like its cousins, vinyl is a synthetic flooring material that’s made up of multiple layers. The waterproof layer is made from either a wood-based polyvinyl chloride (WPC) or stone-based polyvinyl chloride (SPC). Above this sits the design layer, which features high-resolution prints that mimic authentic materials such as hardwood and stone.

Thanks to modern printing technology, vinyl has an incredible range of patterns and textures to choose from. You can find realistic textures, unique designs and millions of hues to match your style preferences. Some even feature a layer that’s infused with silver to provide added protection against bacteria and germs.

Sheet vinyl is available in a wide variety of styles, from traditional solids to distressed and hand-scraped finishes. You can also find a huge selection of stone and marble effects, including slate and travertine. Some also come with a groutable surface that’s laid and grouted much like a tile floor.

It’s typically best to leave installation to a professional, but it’s DIY-friendly as long as you use a proper subfloor preparation and trowel-applied adhesive. Some vinyl products have antimicrobial properties and special urethane coatings that protect against stains, mold and mildew. This makes them ideal for kitchens, baths and laundry rooms.

If you want to avoid the high cost of real wood or stone, but still want a natural look in your home, laminate is a great option. Laminate comes in a wide range of styles, is water-resistant and can be used in many rooms. The core of a laminate floor is usually made from particle board or high-density fiberboard (HDF). It’s the thickest layer, providing stability and strength to the floors. A tough melamine layer seals the core, protecting it from moisture.

The decorative paper layer is a high-quality, printed design that gives the flooring its distinctive appearance. It can mimic a wide range of natural materials like wood, stone or marble. It can also be embossed with textures and patterns, or even pressed to replicate the effect of hand-scraping or wire-brushing. A growing trend is to use liquid melamine, which adheres the decorative paper directly to the core with no need for an additional top paper.

A final layer, called the balancing or backer, seals the laminate boards to protect them from moisture. The balancing layer also helps to keep the boards straight, as well as adding a thickness that improves dimensional stability. Some brands of laminate offer foam padding as an underlayment, which enhances acoustical performance and prevents moisture migration from the subfloor.

Unlike hardwood floors, laminate planks are not attached to the subfloor with tongue and groove connections. Instead, they “float” over a padded underlayment, which allows the planks to expand and contract according to their environment. The padded underlayment can also help reduce the amount of noise produced when you walk on a laminate floor. Because of this, a solid subfloor is recommended, and some manufacturers require that a vapor barrier be installed under the laminate in order to get full warranty coverage.


How to Start a Fence Company

Fence Companies Tampa is great for those who enjoy working outdoors and helping clients protect their property and secure their businesses.  Reputable fence companies should have a professional website communicating their fencing services, showing image galleries of past projects, and providing reliable ways to contact them. They should also require that their clients sign a service agreement.Fence

Fences are a part of every home and are used to protect pets and children from traffic and provide privacy. The construction of these structures can be challenging and requires a lot of attention to detail. Fence companies must comply with local laws and regulations and obtain the necessary permits before starting work. In addition, it is important for a Fence Company to have insurance to cover any damages that may occur during the construction process.

The first step in establishing a Fence Company is to register the business with your state or city. The process varies by country, so it’s best to research the specific requirements for your area before registering. In most cases, you will need to provide a business plan, a list of potential employees, and a copy of your licenses and permits. Additionally, you may need to apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) to establish a legal business entity.

If you’re thinking about becoming a fence contractor, consider taking some professional classes or an apprenticeship. These courses will help you understand the business and prepare you for a career in the industry. They will also teach you about the different types of fences and how to install them. Once you’ve obtained your license, you’ll be ready to start your Fence Company.

In most jurisdictions, fencing contractors must be licensed by the Contractors State Licensing Board (CSLB). The C-13 Fencing license requires fencing contractors to pass an exam and have at least four years of experience in the construction industry. The exam includes questions related to the history of fences, materials and installation techniques. It also covers building codes and safety regulations.

In some cases, fences may be exempt from zoning restrictions and permits. However, it’s always a good idea to check with your local government or the Landmarks Preservation Commission before beginning any project. The Commission may approve or deny a permit application and may require the fence to be built within the property line. In these cases, it’s best to hire a professional surveyor to ensure that the fence is in compliance.


The fence installation industry requires a number of insurance policies to safeguard against damage, bodily injury, accidents and financial loss. Some of the most important policies include commercial general liability, workers’ compensation, business interruption and products and completed operations coverage.

General liability insurance protects the fence company in cases where a customer or other third party alleges that the fence company caused property damage. The policy covers legal costs to defend the company, as well as paying out a financial settlement if necessary. If a worker is injured on the job, workers’ compensation will cover treatment expenses. The company should also have professional liability insurance, commonly known as errors and omissions (E&O) insurance. This policy will pay out for a client’s financial losses stemming from the fence company’s professional services and advice.

Commercial auto insurance protects the company’s vehicles and drivers from risks such as fire, weather, theft and vandalism. The policy also covers the cost of repairing or replacing vehicles following an accident, such as when a fence installer accidentally damages a client’s vehicle during a job.

Property coverage protects the fence company’s buildings and their contents. This includes fencing materials and equipment, tools, furniture, computers and more. In the event of a major disaster, such as a fire, the business might need to relocate its offices or workshop. In such a case, the policy pays for expenses such as renting temporary space and covering lost income.

Finally, business interruption coverage will help a fence company reopen after a major disaster. It pays for lost income and regular operating expenses, such as wages, that need to be paid even when the office is closed.

The best fence company will have a wide range of insurance policies in place to cover all the bases. It is advisable for the owner to get quotes from several providers to find the most affordable and comprehensive policies. It is also a good idea to keep receipts of all expenses, including those paid out of pocket, as proof that they have been covered in the event of a claim.


Having the skill and tools to build fences is a good start, but starting a business requires more than just construction knowledge. A business plan, licensing and insurance are key pieces to a successful fence company. It is also important to have a specialized website designed to showcase your work, provide information about the types of fencing you offer, and make it easy for clients to contact you.

Whether you are building a website yourself or hiring a professional, it is essential to use a theme that is consistent with your company’s branding. This will help potential customers remember your brand and feel confident contacting you for an estimate. Your website should also be mobile-friendly so that it is easy for people to view on their phones or tablets.

A well-crafted service agreement is another way to protect your fence company’s reputation and avoid disputes with clients. A service agreement defines payment terms, services offered, and other details that will reduce the risk of misunderstandings or legal disputes. A reputable fence company should require their clients to sign a service agreement before beginning work. Rocket Lawyer makes creating a service agreement simple and affordable.

Building a strong and lasting reputation is crucial to a fence company’s success. One way to do this is by building an email list that you can use to send periodic emails about specials or discounts you’re running. Another way is to create a referral program that rewards loyal clients for referring new business your way.

To be successful, a fence company needs to have a team of qualified and experienced professionals. You can find quality employees by advertising job openings in local newspapers and online. When you have a list of applicants, conduct thorough interviews to select the best candidate.

Once you have a team in place, you can begin marketing your services to prospective clients. Advertise your services in local papers and online, and use social media to spread the word about your business. You can also join trade organizations such as the American Fence Association, which offers discounts on supplies and provides educational opportunities for industry professionals.


Before choosing a fence contractor, you should check with local offices to ensure they have the proper licenses and permits. Then you should also ask for references and look at their past work. This will help you find out whether the company has enough experience to handle your job. If you have concerns, you should also consider whether they require clients to sign a service agreement. This will clarify payment terms and conditions as well as service level expectations, which can reduce the risk of legal disputes. Rocket Lawyer has a free service agreement template you can use for this purpose.

Another factor to consider is the type of fencing material you want. Some companies specialize in certain materials, while others provide a wide variety of options. If you are not sure what kind of fence you want, you should request quotes from several different contractors to compare prices and service. In addition, be sure to inquire about the length of time it will take them to complete your project and the cost of any special tools or equipment you might need.

It is also important to choose a fencing company that has good customer support. This means you should be able to get in touch with someone during business hours and receive a response promptly. Most reputable companies will offer both phone and email support, which can be helpful for customers who prefer to communicate via text.

If you are interested in starting a fence company, you should know that this is a highly competitive industry. It will be challenging to rise above the competition and establish yourself as a trustworthy and dependable company. The best way to increase your chances of success is to create a solid business plan.

A good business plan will include a marketing strategy and budget. This will help you reach potential customers and generate revenue. You can advertise on social media or use traditional methods such as mailing introductory letters to major corporations, SMEs, startups, and individuals. In addition, you can also attend seminars and events to network with other businesses.


How Speakers Affect the Sound of Your Car Audio

Your car’s head unit — also known as the radio or stereo — produces an electronic audio signal that is then sent to your speakers. It’s this signal that allows you to tune in to FM and AM radio stations, CDs, and digital music.Car Audio

Today’s in-dash receivers do a lot more than play music, though. They also control your smartphone, stream music via Bluetooth(r), and support thumb drives or other media devices.

The quality of your speakers will greatly impact the sound of your car audio. You will likely want to upgrade your vehicle speakers to experience a more detailed and accurate representation of the music you are listening to. You can find a wide range of speaker types and materials to choose from, so you will have plenty of options for your new car audio system.

Tweeters produce the higher frequencies of your music. They are responsible for the vocals, guitars, and horns of your songs and the sounds that add clarity and life to your music. They are also essential for creating stereo separation and soundstage so that the music feels like it is coming from all around you when you listen to it.

Tweeter speakers are usually built into a full-range speaker, such as a coaxial speaker, or they may be mounted separately from the woofer, as in component speakers or stand-alone tweeters. High-quality tweeters are often found in home hi-fi systems, studio monitors, and headphones.

There are a few different kinds of tweeters on the market, but most are designed to reproduce high frequencies with great clarity and accuracy. The most common type is a cone tweeter, which is the most cost-effective to produce. Cone tweeters are made of paper or other cheap materials, which helps them to be more affordable.

Other types of tweeters are more expensive to produce, but they can offer a more accurate and natural sound. These include the balanced-dome and semi-dome types. Balanced-dome tweeters have a small dome inside of a shallow cone. The dome and the cone are nearly the same size, which allows the voice coil to be inserted into and suspended within the magnet’s inner gap area. This creates a magnetic field that produces a sound when the amplifier sends an audio signal through the positive and negative connections to the voice coil.

The polarity of the voice coil will have a direct impact on how the tweeter performs. The opposite polarity of the voice coil will change the way in which it interacts with the magnetic field, affecting its ability to produce both direct and reflected sounds.


From the tiny amplifiers in hearing aids to the huge black boxes plugged into electric guitars, amplifiers make small electrical currents much larger in order to drive loudspeakers. There are zillions of different ways to do this, and amplifiers come in all shapes and sizes (from the transistors used in hearing aids to the enormous power amps that drive the loudspeakers at rock concerts).

An amplifier is a two-port network: it takes an input signal on one port, and produces an output signal on another, which is essentially the same signal but bigger. The output signal can be any kind of audio signal, but the most common amplifiers are ones that boost voltage (which is how most sound effects are produced), rather than current. This makes them particularly good for increasing the volume of music.

Most people think that the higher the distortion level, the worse the amplifier is. This is not necessarily true; most distortion is caused by the amplifier itself, and in fact most amplifiers are designed to reduce their own distortion levels as much as possible. However, a high distortion level can still cause the output signal to be unpleasant to listen to.

The best way to get an idea of the quality of an amplifier is to look at its total harmonic distortion + noise (THD+N) specification. This tells you how much of the original audio signal is being lost as heat (via the electrons whizzing around inside the amplifier) and static noise.

One common problem that amplifiers have is called feedback. If a microphone is placed too close to a speaker and the amplifier is turned up too high, it starts to pick up the sound of the loudspeaker as well as the original signal (which is also being amplified). This then gets re-amplified through the speaker and out the other end, and so on, producing the deafening whistle known as feedback, which has been made famous by many a rock star.

In practice, this can be avoided by adding additional circuitry to help stabilise the output devices, as in this simple schematic. Typically, this is done by adding a fixed emitter resistor, like the one shown here. The value of this resistor is calculated based on the output devices’ specifications and the intended use of the amplifier, to ensure that the device is not overloaded and damaged.


A high-quality subwoofer is an essential component of a good car audio system. It provides deep bass that enhances sound quality and adds depth to music and movie sound tracks. When installed correctly, a subwoofer can produce an immersive experience that’s truly captivating. However, improper installation or tuning can lead to distortion or noise, resulting in diminished audio quality. By addressing common issues, such as resolving interference and improper impedance matching, individuals can optimize their car audio experience with subwoofers.

A key aspect of optimizing car audio with subwoofers is ensuring the impedance match between the amplifier and the speaker. This involves evaluating the driver’s size, sensitivity, and power handling capabilities to determine the right amplifier wattage. It also includes considering factors such as polarity and the size of the enclosure, which affect the frequency response and bass quality. Using the proper impedance matching technique, as well as addressing grounding issues and choosing the correct wire gauge, is crucial for maximizing performance.

The design of the subwoofer enclosure can make a big difference in bass quality and sound pressure. Sealed subwoofers use a sealed box to trap air, creating a spring-like effect that produces crisp, tight bass. Vented subwoofers, on the other hand, utilize a vent in the enclosure to let air move freely and create louder, deeper bass. The type of enclosure you choose depends on your vehicle’s size and space limitations.

If your subwoofers are turned up too loudly, they can cause vibrations that damage the interior of your car. The vibrations can crack tempered glass windows and damage body panels, including the dashboard. They can even vibrate and break plastic tabs that bolt the subwoofers to your car’s chassis.

Moreover, if your subwoofers consume too much power, they can drain the battery in your car. This happens because they require more power to hit the lowest frequencies. When the battery is low, you can see the lights on your instrument panel start to dim as the woofer draws more power to hit lower bass notes.

In addition to troubleshooting common problems, upgrading factory audio and employing audio tuning techniques are other effective ways of enhancing your car audio. By addressing these hindrances, you can enjoy immersive soundscapes that capture your attention and bring your favorite music to life. To learn more about optimizing your car audio, contact TAS Electronics, Northwest Ohio and Southeast Michigan’s leader in connected mobile technology since 1973.


The head unit is the brain of your car audio system, and it sends the audio signal that drives the speakers. However, this signal is too weak to create sound without a power amplifier. Power amps are like the hidden maestros of the music world, boosting the signal and increasing its power to deliver high-quality sound reproduction and a full-immersion listening experience. In a typical audio setup, amplifiers are connected to the speakers via power cables. The gauge of these cables determines how much current the amplifier can handle, which is why it’s important to select the right one based on your system’s power requirements.

Whether you’re looking to upgrade your existing audio system or build a completely new one, there are many options available when it comes to audio electronics. For example, you can choose from an assortment of amplifiers that have different rated power output and channel configurations. In addition, you can use various filters to adjust your system’s sound quality and frequency response. For instance, a high-pass filter can help you get rid of excessive bass and reclaim lost sound clarity.

Many in-dash receivers come with built-in amplifiers, but if you want more power than your head unit can provide, you can add an external amplifier to the mix. In addition to boosting the audio signal, an amplifier can also reduce noise and vibrations, which helps your speakers produce clean and crisp sounds. Additionally, if you have long ground wires that are picking up noise, it’s important to make sure they’re firmly attached to the chassis of your vehicle.

In-car audio systems are evolving to prioritize driver safety and convenience. As such, they’re incorporating features that enable drivers to control their audio settings using voice command functionality and integrate with driver-assistance technologies. Moreover, they’re integrating connectivity features to allow drivers to wirelessly stream music and hands-free phone calls. In the end, these advanced features are transforming in-car entertainment into a premium driving experience.


Landscaping Designs: The Elements of Form, Line, and Texture

Landscaping Harrisburg PA designs often rely on the elements of color, form, line, and texture to guide the eye through the landscape. This does not mean that landscapes should be simple or bland, but rather balanced and logically organized.Landscaping

Design themes can be inspired by formal architectural styles or by a specific planting style such as a moss garden, native plant garden, or low-water garden.

Color is an important part of landscape design and can set the tone for the whole space. Bright, bold colors like reds and yellows are known to stimulate people and can create a sense of excitement, while cool shades of blue and green often suggest peace and relaxation.

In addition to creating a mood, colors can also help to define spaces in the landscape and provide contrast. Using monochromatic colors (tints and shades of the same color) can create a more cohesive palette while still providing room for creativity. For example, you could use soft lavender and royal purple flowers in a design that is meant to feel elegant and refined.

When choosing colors for a landscape, it is important to consider the color wheel, which shows what colors complement each other and which ones contrast. Landscapers typically stay within either the warm or cool color groups, combining hues to achieve desired effects.

For example, mixing complementary colors such as yellow and red or blue and orange can generate energy, while using analogous colors (colors that are next to each other on the color wheel) like yellow-greens and purples can offer a more subtle effect.

When designing a landscaping project, it is also important to consider the color of existing hardscape materials like driveways and walkways. While some clients may want to completely change the color of these structures, others may simply wish to coordinate their new plantings with the existing colors. Regardless of the scope of the project, knowing the basics of landscape design color will allow you to better serve your customers and help them envision their finished landscaping.


The shape and structure of a plant or landscape element are important. Trees, for example, range structurally from the stiff majesty of the Lombardy poplar to the drooping quality of a weeping willow. Similarly, the shape of a water feature can draw attention or create a focal point in a garden.

Form also includes the lines that a garden or hardscape design uses to organize its features. Lines can be created in many different ways, including the lines of planting beds, sidewalks, where turf meets pavement, and other hardscape elements. A good use of line in a landscape design adds a sense of rhythm to the overall garden and helps guide viewers through its components.

Landscape designers often develop their ideas by experimenting with and combining plants and other materials in a virtual space using specialized software. Some of these explorations aren’t linked to a specific site and serve more as a means to push theoretical boundaries, but they can help inform a design project once it is brought to fruition.

A successful landscape design should be cohesive, with a clear and logical arrangement of plants and other components. It should be based on the needs and desires of the client, the conditions of the site, and the time-tested principles of composition—proportion, order, repetition, and unity. Using a guiding design theme or style can help, but it’s equally important to take inspiration from gardens or landscapes you admire. Borrowing a few of the most interesting plant combinations, pathway surface materials, or other aspects of a design and adapting them to your own site can make a big difference in the overall impact of your landscape.


Texture is an important element in landscape design that adds depth and interest to a garden. It refers to the feeling of a plant or its surface, whether it’s coarse, rough, fine, heavy, or light. A landscape without texture can look flat and dull.

The textures of plants, soils, and hardscape features such as walls and pavers can all impact how a landscape looks. It’s important to consider how a planting will be perceived close up, from a distance, and as viewed in different seasons. For example, in winter, the delicate tracery of branches against a snowy sky and the dark furrows of exfoliating bark on trees and shrubs can offer enjoyment that’s a welcome break from a bare and stark landscape.

When choosing plants, the texture of their leaves and flowers also plays a role. Fine-textured favorites like sedums and succulents offer a soft and delicate feel, while coarse-textured plants such as cannas and elephant ears create a dramatic presence. The branching pattern of a plant also affects its texture. Tightly branched plants such as boxwood and Japanese yew create dense appearances, while open-branched plants such as honey locust and royal fern appear more light and airy.

The use of different textures is especially effective when the pairings are juxtaposed rather than overlapping. This helps keep the eye drawn to different parts of a plant and allows the viewer’s attention to rest. The same can be said for the use of contrasting scales in plants, rocks, and other hardscape elements. For example, the couple in this photo paired plants with extreme textures to draw the eye and provide visual excitement. The smooth surfaces of the paving and decorative pieces, including a set of Moroccan doors, work to balance these textures.


Lines shape the landscape and determine how people move through and experience it. They can be curved, straight, horizontal, or vertical and help frame the views we see and want to be seen. They also convey a sense of order and formal crispness to the design. For example, straight lines can be used to draw the eye along a pathway or create focus for a planting bed. They can also be curved to add interest and soften the lines of a walkway or a fence.

Curved lines are found in natural areas and are associated with a relaxing, peaceful character. They are commonly used around water features to reinforce the lines of natural features or to draw attention to fountains and ponds. They can also be incorporated into circular garden paths or the design of a curving gazebo.

Vertical lines can evoke a sense of strength and power. They can be created by tall trees, structural elements like arbors or trellises, or even the height of walls or fences. They are also often used to highlight a focal point, like the top of a building.

Horizontal lines communicate a sense of stability and grounding. They can be created by a lawn, the edging of planting beds or sidewalks, or the clean line between turf and pavement. They can also be created by a simple path, the lines of a patio or deck, or by adding plants that spill over the edges of the pathway.

Repetition of form, color, and texture can establish a rhythm in a design and help create focus and harmony. However, repetition should be done with care so that it does not become overbearing or tiresome.

Focal Points

Just as with the art of painting, in landscape design, focal points draw attention and help guide the eye through a landscape. Focal points can be simple or complex, and they can add a unique element to take your landscaping design to the next level.

Whether you choose a single dramatic plant with an interesting color or texture that stands out from the rest of your garden, an artistic statue, or a beautiful fountain, a well-placed focal point draws the eye and helps the viewer experience the full beauty of your yard and home. These elements can also serve other useful purposes, such as drawing the eye away from a less attractive area of the landscape that you would prefer to keep out of view.

When designing a focal point, it is important to consider the size and style of your yard and the other elements that will be nearby. You want a focal point that will be a good size and not overwhelm your other garden features. You will also want to be sure that the focal point reflects your own personal taste. If you love Greek architecture, a Grecian urn is a good choice; if you prefer to have garden gnomes in your yard, that is perfectly fine!

You can even use a water feature as a focal point to draw the eyes, soothe the mind, and relax the body. It is important not to overdo the focal point concept, however, as too many features can make a landscape look too busy and overwhelm the viewer. It is also important to remember that focal points should be visually appealing throughout the year. A brightly colored plant or group of plants may work as a focal point in the summer but will not hold the interest of visitors during the winter.